CBD is doing wonders for many people suffering from chronic pain, anxiety, depression, neurological conditions, skin conditions, gastrointestinal disorders…to name a few. It’s even helping pets with aches and pains and anxiety! So what’s all the hype about? Is all CBD the same? Let’s take a deeper look into the different types of CBD and how to choose the best option for you.
There are three main types of CBD products that are currently being manufactured: Full Spectrum, Broad Spectrum, and Isolates.
Below is a breakdown of each one.
Hemp vs. Marijuana
The first thing to clear up is the difference between marijuana and hemp. Are they the same? No. The main difference is the percentage of THC. Both THC and CBD are cannabinoids. While THC has medicinal value, it is the cannabinoid responsible for the psychotropic effects — the “high” — in the Cannabis plant. The law states that cannabis plants containing less than 0.3% THC are considered to be “hemp” — making it federally legal to grow and consume. Anything over that limit is considered to be Marijuana.
Hemp is bred to have low levels of THC and high levels of CBD — which makes the best source of extraction for your CBD supplements.
CBD Isolate contains nothing except pure, isolated CBD. In other words, there are no other cannabinoids, terpenes, or flavonoids – just good old CBD. In order to get CBD out of hemp, it must go through an extraction process. CBD isolate offers all the benefits of CBD without a trace of THC. It is also flavorless and odorless.
With the growing amount of evidence behind CBD, its therapeutic potential for so many conditions such as anxiety, pain, inflammation, diabetes, depression and more should not be overlooked.
Full Spectrum CBD
A Full Spectrum CBD uses the whole hemp plant for extraction. This means that in addition to CBD you are also getting the “full-spectrum” of cannabinoids contained in the plant(CBD, CBG, CBN, THC, etc.), terpenes, essential oils and phytochemicals such as chlorophyll. The full-spectrum oil will have a “hempy” or “earthy” taste and is darker in color. It contains a trace amount of THC — compliant with the federal limit of 0.3% or less.
Full-spectrum CBD oil products have the advantage of containing many different cannabinoids and terpenes, therefore they have the potential to have a strong health benefit. In 2011, Dr. Ethan Russo published an article in the British Journal of Pharmacology suggesting that cannabinoids have a synergistic effect. In other words, this means that they work better together rather than isolates by themselves. He coined this effect as the ‘entourage effect’. Terpenes alone have also shown to be beneficial for human health and should not be disregarded.
Broad Spectrum CBD
In short, Broad-spectrum CBD is full-spectrum CBD without any THC. That means it contains terpenes, essential oils, and other cannabinoids from the plant. Broad Spectrum CBD is an excellent choice for individuals that can’t have any traces of THC in their system, whether for medical, personal or legal reasons.